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Buddhism for Beginner

Buddhism is a philosophy which was invented by Lord Gautam Buddha in 6th century BC and today it faces a total population of 230- 500 million followers world wide.  The fourth largest religion of the world, Buddhism preaches ways of spiritual development.  Buddhism for beginner can be defined as a process of meditation which helps a person to attain enlightenment. 

Earlier known as Siddhartha, Lord Buddha was the prince of Lumbini who then decided to search for enlightenment.  The religion of Buddhism does not believe in the existence of God or any creator rather it believe that meditation and other techniques can help a person reach its inner self and thus attaining enlightenment.  The spiritual essence of Buddhism is attained by following principles such as non- violence, lack of dogma, tolerance of differences and more.  The main facts about Buddhism includes following :

About Buddha :  Originally known as Prince Siddhartha, Lord Buddha was the founder of the religion of Buddhism.  Born in a royal family, the prince was devasted when he encountered the harsh realities of the life of poor countrymen of his kingdom.  Therefore he began his quest to find the real meaning of life.  Following the path of rigorous austerity and then meditation, Buddha attained enlightenment at Gaya.  Henceforth he preached the same path to other people and therefore establishing the foundation of Buddhism religion.

Path of Four Noble Truths :

Buddhism is established on the foundation of Four Noble Truths.  These truths summarize the entire teachings of Buddhism which includes :

  • Dukkha (Noble truth of Suffering)
  • Samudaya (Noble truth of the Origin of Suffering)
  • Nirodha (Noble truth of Cessation of Suffering)
  • Magga (Noble truth which leads to the Extinction of Suffering)

Five Precepts :

Buddhism in general consists of five abstentions which include :

  • Abstained harming living beings such as human beings, animals and insects.  A Buddhism follower can eat meat, if the being is not killed for him specifically.
  • Abstain stealing.
  • Abstain from sexual misconduct, which means being unfaithful to one’s partner, involvement with prostitution or pornography, immoral thoughts etc.
  • False speech such as lying, gossiping etc is also forbidden.
  • Intoxicating drinks and drugs except medicinal items are also forbidden.

Important Beliefs of Buddhism :

Reincarnation :  the concept of reincarnation in Buddhism is considered in a different way, which says that consciousness of a person remains even after his death and it even manifests in his future life.

Karma :  Buddhists also belief in the concept of Karma which says that one’s actions in the present life provides him with its results in his future life as well.

Love and Compassion for Human Race :  According to the preachings of Lord Buddha the feelings of compassion and love towards all human beings should be part of a person’s countenance which gradually became one of the main principles of Buddhism.