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Buddhism Philosophy

Originated by Gautama Buddha, Buddhism is an assortment of the teachings of Lord Buddha.  The origin of the religion is marked with the end of innocence of Prince Siddhartha, a young prince who left his royal pleasures to search for the real meaning of life.  Buddhism also can be expressed as a firm philosophical element.  Buddhism philosophy detests the ideas of atheism, theism, monism and dualism as Lord Buddha criticized these concepts.     

Buddhism is often considered as a philosophy than a religion.  According to the Buddhism belief there is no emphasising given on the existence or non existence of God also the doctrines of Buddhism are all common doctrines of Lord Buddha.  Main Buddhism teachings are :

  • Epistemology :  According to the philosophy of Epistemology Buddhist does not believe in any pre established principles blindly.  This is one of the important differences between Hinduism and Buddhism that Buddhism consists of a smaller set of justifications for knowledge in comparison to Hinduism.
  • Metaphysics and Phenomenology :  According to this Buddhist philosophy of Metaphysics the idea of a soul or a permanent self is rejected.  During the early days of Buddhism, philosophers had formed a metaphysical system which promoted the separating the experiences of people, things and events into other perceptual units known as ‘Dharmas’. 
  • Pratitya Samutpada :  According to the basic belief of Buddhism includes the principle of Pratitya Samutpada.  This doctrine of Lord Buddha says that the events that takes place in our lives are neither predetermined nor do they occurs randomly rather these events do not have any independent existence.  According to the doctrine the events in one’s life are dependent upon other set of happenings. 
  • Interpenetration :  This doctrine of Buddhism is explained with two examples one, that of Indra’s net, set with jewels.  The jewels have the property of reflecting all the other jewels similarly the belief says that in this world the entire phenomenon is linked with one another. 
  • Ethics : the main Buddhism philosophy consists of an eightfold path which comprises of the following doctrines :     
  1. Correct Speech
  2. Correct Actions
  3. Correct Livelihood
  4. Correct Exercise
  5. Correct Mindfulness
  6. Correct Concentration
  7. Correct Thoughts
  8. Correct Understanding