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Buddhist Belief

The religion of Buddhism has emerged from the teachings of Lord Buddha therefore its basic beliefs emphasize on the ways of living preached by the lord himself.  Lord Gautama Buddha himself attained enlightenment after a lot of toil and successfully following the eightfold path and concentrating on his flawless beliefs which eventually created the basis of the religion.  Therefore the followers of Buddhism are urged to concentrate on the main Buddhist beliefs which are helpful in attaining ultimate freedom from the monotonous sufferings of a human life. 

Basic Buddhist Beliefs :

Under a meet of chief monks of Theravada and Mahayana sect of Buddhism at Sri Lanka in the year 1966 the following beliefs of both the sects were unified as ‘Basic Points Unifying the Theravada and Mahayana’.  These points of basic beliefs of Buddhism include :

  • Buddha is the only Master.
  • The Buddhists refuge to the Buddha, Dhamma and Sangha.
  • The world is neither created nor ruled by God.
  • The real purpose of life is to develop compassion for all living beings and to work for their wellbeing, happiness and peace.
  • Acceptance of Four Noble Truths of Buddhism.
  • The thirty seven qualities required to attain enlightenment are different aspects of Buddha’s teachings.
  • In order to attain Nirvana a devotee has to go through three main levels of Buddhism which are Disciple, Pratyeka- Buddha and a Samyak- sam- Buddha (the highest, noblest and the most heroic state).
  • Various Buddhist beliefs, practices, ceremonies, customs and habits followed in diverse countries should not be confused with the basic teachings of Buddhism.

Buddhism- Theistic or Atheistic :

Buddhism does not believe in a supreme authority such as God.  Therefore following the famous preachings of Lord Buddha, Buddhists believe that one should concentrate on leading practical ways of life in order to attain enlightenment.  Although Buddha never denied the existence of God therefore, with the growth of Buddhism, local deities and religious practices were also included in various forms of Buddhism. 

Purpose of Life :

According to Buddhism, the ultimate purpose of life is the termination of suffering.  To terminate sufferings from one’s life Buddhism preaches four noble truths of life by recognizing which and following the noble eightfold path one can end these sorrows.

Four Noble Truths of Buddhism :

Buddhism is established on the foundation of Four Noble Truths.  These truths summarize the entire teachings of Buddhism thus is an important belief of Buddhism which includes :

  • Dukkha (Noble truth of Suffering)
  • Samudaya (Noble truth of the Origin of Suffering)
  • Nirodha (Noble truth of Cessation of Suffering)
  • Magga (Noble truth which leads to the Extinction of Suffering)

Noble Eightfold Path :

This is an important set of doctrines which are very cautiously followed by Buddhists

  • Correct Speech
  • Correct Actions
  • Correct Livelihood
  • Correct Exercise
  • Correct Mindfulness
  • Correct Concentration
  • Correct Thoughts
  • Correct Understanding