Prince Siddhartha was born in a lovely garden called Lumbini . He was born into the Shakya royal family in south Nepal. Using historical records referring to Alexander the Great and Emperor Ashoka, the Buddha's birth date is usually given as May 563 BC.
The tale behind… Queen Maya Devi, mother of prince Sidhartha, was on her way to her parent's home at Rangram for the birth as was the tradition at that time. Before reaching her destination, she went into labour at Lumbini. There, she bathed in a bricked pool called Puskarni and then walked 25 paces to deliver the baby. The Buddha was born as she leant against a sala tree. He is said to have emerged from her right side and taken seven steps in the four directions; as he walked, lotus flowers bloomed. To each direction he proclaimed as with a lion's roar: "I am the first, the best of all beings, this is my last birth.'' He looked down to predict the defeat of Mara and the benefiting of beings in the lower realms through the power of his teachings. He then looked up to indicate that the entire world would come to respect and appreciate his deeds.
Sadly, Maya Devi died seven days after his birth and his mother’s younger sister and the second wife of King Suddhodan, Pajapati, brought him up.
The prince, now named Siddhartha, spent his first twenty-nine years in Kapilavastu. There he performed three more of the twelve principal deeds of a Buddha. Surpassing all the Shakya youths and even his teachers in all fields of learning, skill and sport, he showed that he had already mastered all the worldly arts.
Prince Siddhartha lived a lavish and protected lifestyle unknown of poverty, illness, death and misery that lurked outside the palace. When the Prince was 16, he was married to Princess Yasodhara and they had a son Rahul.
One day when riding in his chariot through Kapilavastu he happened to see a man feeble with age; another struck down with sickness, and a corpse. He immediately realized the suffering nature of men's lives. Then he saw a monk of holy countenance, and recognized his path and vocation.
Lord Buddha never claimed himself to be a God but Hindus have regarded him to be the 9th incarnation of Lord Vishnu who taught mankind the path of non-violence with no castes and races and no sacrifice of animals.
- Air : The closest airport is at Bhairawa, Nepal, from where there are regular flights to and from Kathmandu. The nearest airhead in India is at Varanasi (323 kms), where you can get regular flights to Delhi.
- Rail : The nearest railhead is at Gorakhpur (India) 123 km away.
- Road : There is twice hourly minibuses service from Bhairawa (2 hr), which is 22 km away. From where the buses let you off, you have to walk a kilometer. The last bus back is about 5 pm. Buses from Bhairawa leave from near the main intersection, across the street from the Hotel Yeti. Also, buses ply up to the Indian side of the border, from where the passengers have to disembark and take another bus after crossing the border check post.
There are plenty of hotels in Bhairawa, which you have to pass through to get to Lumbini but it is better to stay in some of the temples near Lumbini. If you intend to enter Nepal and return to India you will need to apply for a Multiple Entry Visa when you get your Indian visa. You can apply for a Nepalese visa at the border itself. Crossing the border can be a slow tedious business. Air The closest airport is at Bhairawa, Nepal, from where there are regular flights to and from Kathmandu. The nearest airhead in India is at Varanasi (323 kms), where you can get regular flights to Delhi.