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KushinagarIn the state of Uttar Pradesh, Kushinagar is a town in the Kushinagar district where Gautama Buddha died; therefore it is known to be a significant Buddhist pilgrimage site.  At this place, close to Hiranyavati River, Guatama Buddha achieved final nirvana or Parinirvana. Ashoka, the Mauryan ruler is considered to have contributed a great deal to the construction and formation of this site. Here numerous viharas and stupas go back 3rd century BCE- 5th century CE, prosperity was at its peak and flourishing. At the scene of Buddha’s death, it became one of the sacred places along with Kapilavatthu, Isipatana and Buddhagaya.

As the legend goes, Buddha had three reasons for coming to Kushinagar, the Buddhist pilgrimage, to die :

  1. It was an appropriate place for teaching of Mahá-Sudassana Sutta
  2. Subhadda would visit him there and after hearing to his sermon, would develop meditation and become the worthy one or pure one while the Buddha was still alive.
  3. After Buddha’s death, the Brahman Doha would be there to solve the problems of the distribution of his relics.

When the remains of the Parinirvana Temple and Parinirvana Stupa were rediscovered they were surrounded by a dense thorny forest and covered in a 40 foot high mound of bricks. In the present time, this Kushinagar Buddhist pilgrimage is frequently visited by people from all over the globe, by India as well as foreign tourists. These temples have build by Chinese, Indian, Thai, Sri Lankan, Burmese, Tibetan, South Korean, Japanese and Buddhists.
The two spots which are most famous on the list of tourists in Kushinagar are taking in the Buddhist religion are: the Mahaparinirvana Stupa, which is contructed in the place of Buddha's Mahaparinirvana, which also means passing away or Great Nirvana. Close to this a 1500 year old Buddha-image of the Buddha as he attained Parinirvana exists. Mahaparinirvana Stupa is bounded by ruins of ancient monasteries. The other place is the spot of his cremation which is situated close by.